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Valine amino acid information page

Valine is an amino acid obtained by hydrolysis of proteins and was first isolated by the German chemist Emil Fischer in 1901 from casein and is not only an essential amino acid but is also a branched-chain amino acid (the others are isoleucine and leucine) found in high concentration in the muscles.

valine

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Valine required for

It has a stimulating effect and is needed for muscle metabolism, repair and growth of tissue and maintaining the nitrogen balance in the body.

Since it is a branched-chain amino acid, it can be used as an energy source in the muscles, and in doing so preserves the use of glucose.

Many amino acids become deficient with drug addiction, and here it also plays an important role and there are indications that it may also be beneficial in treating or reversing hepatic encephalopathy, or alcohol related brain damage, as well as degenerative neurological conditions.

Deficiency of valine

Maple syrup urine disease (MSUD) is caused by the inability to metabolize leucine, isoleucine, and valine. The disease is so named because urine from affected people smells like maple syrup. A deficiency may affect the myelin covering of the nerves.

Also see Isoleucine and Leucine and also look at Branched-chain amino acids.

Dosage

The dosage listed is the Recommended Daily Allowance (RDA), but be aware that this dosage is the minimum that you require per day, to ward off serious deficiency of this particular nutrient. In the therapeutic use of this nutrient, the dosage is usually increased considerably, but the toxicity level must be kept in mind.

Toxicity and symptoms of high intake

Very high levels of valine can cause symptoms such as a crawling sensation on the skin, as well as hallucinations. Individuals with kidney or liver disease should be careful in consuming high intakes of amino acids without consulting their doctor.

Best used with

The three branched-chain amino acids should always be taken in balance.

Other interesting points

Valine is often used by bodybuilders, (in conjunction with leucine and isoleucine), to promote muscle growth, tissue repair and energizer, although little scientific evidence supports these claims. Studies have however shown that these three substances might be useful in restoring muscle mass in people with liver disease, injuries, or who have undergone surgery.

bodybuilders stretch marks on skin

Valine found in food sources

Good sources for this nutrient include dairy, meat, grain, mushrooms, soy and peanuts.

Valine found in the following Zest for Life products

Our Zest for Life vitamin and supplement range
SPECIALTY FORMULAS
CLASSIC VITAMIN RANGE BELOW

adaptogens cope balance not stimulant not sedative

dermaxime anti-aging supplement most advanced dietary way to fight aging

anti-oxidants kills free radicals that can cause premature aging and degenerative diseases

apple cider vinegar capsules

dietary enzymes

hair skin nail boost stong nails glossy hair clear complexion

millennium 2000 weight loss capsule

oystacal calcium supplement better bone density fights osteoporosis

phytosterols phytomedicine plant sterols sterolins

resveratrol alpha lipoic acid anti-oxidant anti-aging

 

vitalyze vitamin B boost capsules

vuka 2000 male sexual supplement

CLASSIC RANGE OF VITAMINS
SPECIALTY FORMULAS ABOVE

vitamin c ascorbic acid

Nutritional information

zest for life vitamin supplements

Underneath we have information page on vitamins, minerals, amino acids, trace elements, enzymes and various nutritional compounds that can impact greatly on your general health, well-being and longevity.

Please note that these pages are for general information only and must not be used to treat or diagnose health concerns.

 
Fat soluble vitamins Trace elements
vitamin ABoron
Vitamin DChromium
Vitamin ECobalt
Vitamin KCopper
Fluorine
Water soluble vitaminsIodine
Vitamin C (Ascorbic acid)Iron
B Complex vitaminsManganese
Vitamin B1 (Thiamine, Thiamin)Molybdenum
Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin)Selenium
Vitamin B3 (Niacin, Niacinamide, Nicotinic Acid)Silicon (Silica)
Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic Acid)Zinc
Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine)
Vitamin B9 (Folacin, Folic Acid)Enzymes
Vitamin B12 (Cyanocobamin, Cobalamin)Amylase
PABA (Para-AminoBenzoic Acid)Bromelain
CholineCoenzyme Q10
InositolLactase
Vitamin H (Biotin)Lipase
Protease
Amino AcidsMaltase
Alanine
ArginineMiscellaneous nutritional ingredients
AsparagineAdaptogens
Aspartic acidAlpha Lipoic Acid
Branched-Chain Amino AcidsAntioxidants
CarnitineApple Cider Vinegar
CitrullineAstaxanthin
CysteineCreatine
CystineFatty acids
GABA (Gamma-Aminobutyric Acid)Piperine (Pepper extract)
Glutamic acidResveratrol
GlutamineVitamin B13 (Orotic acid)
GlutathioneVitamin B15 (Pangamic Acid)
GlycineVitamin B17 (Laetrile, Amygdalin)
HistidineVitamin F (Fatty Acids)
HydroxyprolineVitamin P (Bioflavonoids)
IsoleucineVitamin T
LeucineVitamin U
Lysine
MethionineHerbal ingredients
NAC (n-Acetyl Cysteine)Echinacea
OrnithineGinger
PhenylalanineGinkgo Biloba
ProlineGinseng
SerineGoldenseal
TaurineGotu Kola (Centella)
ThreonineGrape Seed Extract
TryptophanGreen Tea
TyrosineLicorice
ValineMuira Puama
Olive Leaf Extract
MineralsPhytosterols
CalciumSt John's Wort
ChlorideTribulus Terrestris
Magnesium
PhosphorusWater
PotassiumCarbohydrates
SodiumProtein
SulfurCalories
 
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Creme de Vie anti-wrinkle cream

 



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Our site was last updated on 21 July 2014.