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Vitamin B1 - thiamine, thiamin - information page

Thiamin, also called vitamin B1, is used in many different body functions and deficiencies may have far reaching effects on the body, yet very little of this vitamin is stored in the body, and depletion of this vitamin can happen within 14 days.

Thiamin is also a miraculous nutrient, somebody suffering from beriberi, scarcely able to lift their head from their pillow, will respond quickly from injected thiamin, and will be on their feet within a matter of hours.

vitamin b1 thiamin thiamine

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Vitamin B1 - thiamine - is required for

Thiamin may enhance circulation, helps with blood formation and the metabolism of carbohydrates. It is also required for the health of the nervous system and is used in the biosynthesis of a number of cell constituents, including the neurotransmitter acetylcholine and gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA). It is used in the manufacture of hydrochloric acid, and therefore plays a part in digestion.

It is also great for the brain and may help with depression and assist with memory and learning. In children it is required for growth and has shown some indication to assist in arthritis, cataracts as well as infertility.

Deficiency of vitamin B1

A deficiency will result in beriberi, and minor deficiencies may be indicated with extreme fatigue, irritability, constipation, edema and an enlarged liver. Forgetfulness, gastrointestinal disturbances, heart changes, irritability, labored breathing and loss of appetite may also be experienced.

With too little thiamin around a person may also experience nervousness, numbness of the hands and feet, pain and sensitivity, poor coordination, tingling sensations, weak and sore muscles, general weakness and severe weight loss.

Dosage

The dosage underneath is the Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA), but be aware that this dosage is the minimum that you require per day, to ward off serious deficiency of this particular nutrient. In the therapeutic use of this nutrient, the dosage is usually increased considerably, but the toxicity level must be kept in mind.

Male 1.4 mg per day and female 1.0 mg per day, although 50 mg is usually used in supplementation.

Toxicity and symptoms of high intake

Thiamin toxicity is uncommon; as excesses are readily excreted, although long-term supplementation of amounts larger than 3 gram have been known to cause toxicity.

Best used with

Thiamin should be taken with the B group vitamins and manganese.

When more may be required

When taking alcohol, antacids and birth control pills or if you have hormone replacement therapy, you need to look at your thiamin intake. People suffering from depression or anxiety and those passing large volumes of urine, or suffering from an infection may all require more thiamin.

Enemy of vitamin B1

Thiamin is destroyed in cooking, and intake may be low if the diet is high in refined foods. Do not add soda if you are boiling green vegetables since soda is alkaline and will destroy thiamin.

Other interesting points

It is thought that thiamin can be useful for motion sickness in air and sea travel, and that this vitamin also repels insects when excreted through the skin.

Food sources of vitamin B1

Sunflower seeds, peanuts, wheat bran, beef liver, pork, seafood, egg-yolk, beans all contain good amounts of thiamin.

Vitamin B1 is contained in the following Zest for Life products

Our Zest for Life vitamin and supplement range
SPECIALTY FORMULAS
CLASSIC VITAMIN RANGE BELOW

adaptogens cope balance not stimulant not sedative

dermaxime anti-aging supplement most advanced dietary way to fight aging

anti-oxidants kills free radicals that can cause premature aging and degenerative diseases

apple cider vinegar capsules

dietary enzymes

hair skin nail boost stong nails glossy hair clear complexion

millennium 2000 weight loss capsule

oystacal calcium supplement better bone density fights osteoporosis

phytosterols phytomedicine plant sterols sterolins

resveratrol alpha lipoic acid anti-oxidant anti-aging

 

vitalyze vitamin B boost capsules

vuka 2000 male sexual supplement

CLASSIC RANGE OF VITAMINS
SPECIALTY FORMULAS ABOVE

vitamin c ascorbic acid

Nutritional information

zest for life vitamin supplements

Underneath we have information page on vitamins, minerals, amino acids, trace elements, enzymes and various nutritional compounds that can impact greatly on your general health, well-being and longevity.

Please note that these pages are for general information only and must not be used to treat or diagnose health concerns.

 
Fat soluble vitamins Trace elements
vitamin ABoron
Vitamin DChromium
Vitamin ECobalt
Vitamin KCopper
Fluorine
Water soluble vitaminsIodine
Vitamin C (Ascorbic acid)Iron
B Complex vitaminsManganese
Vitamin B1 (Thiamine, Thiamin)Molybdenum
Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin)Selenium
Vitamin B3 (Niacin, Niacinamide, Nicotinic Acid)Silicon (Silica)
Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic Acid)Zinc
Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine)
Vitamin B9 (Folacin, Folic Acid)Enzymes
Vitamin B12 (Cyanocobamin, Cobalamin)Amylase
PABA (Para-AminoBenzoic Acid)Bromelain
CholineCoenzyme Q10
InositolLactase
Vitamin H (Biotin)Lipase
Protease
Amino AcidsMaltase
Alanine
ArginineMiscellaneous nutritional ingredients
AsparagineAdaptogens
Aspartic acidAlpha Lipoic Acid
Branched-Chain Amino AcidsAntioxidants
CarnitineApple Cider Vinegar
CitrullineAstaxanthin
CysteineCreatine
CystineFatty acids
GABA (Gamma-Aminobutyric Acid)Piperine (Pepper extract)
Glutamic acidResveratrol
GlutamineVitamin B13 (Orotic acid)
GlutathioneVitamin B15 (Pangamic Acid)
GlycineVitamin B17 (Laetrile, Amygdalin)
HistidineVitamin F (Fatty Acids)
HydroxyprolineVitamin P (Bioflavonoids)
IsoleucineVitamin T
LeucineVitamin U
Lysine
MethionineHerbal ingredients
NAC (n-Acetyl Cysteine)Echinacea
OrnithineGinger
PhenylalanineGinkgo Biloba
ProlineGinseng
SerineGoldenseal
TaurineGotu Kola (Centella)
ThreonineGrape Seed Extract
TryptophanGreen Tea
TyrosineLicorice
ValineMuira Puama
Olive Leaf Extract
MineralsPhytosterols
CalciumSt John's Wort
ChlorideTribulus Terrestris
Magnesium
PhosphorusWater
PotassiumCarbohydrates
SodiumProtein
SulfurCalories
 
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