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Iron dietary trace element

Iron is an essential element carrying oxygen, forming part of the oxygen-carrying proteins - hemoglobin in red blood cells and myoglobin in muscle. It is also a component of various enzymes.

Body iron is concentrated in bone marrow, liver, and spleen.

iron

Required for

The production of hemoglobin and myoglobin (the form of hemoglobin found in muscle tissue) requires this nutrient.

It is also needed for the oxygenation of red blood cells, a healthy immune system and for energy production.

Deficiency indications

Severe iron deficiency results in anemia, and red blood cells that have a low hemoglobin concentration. Anemia in pregnancy increases the risk of having a premature baby or a baby with low birth weight.

In young children, iron deficiency can manifest in behavioral abnormalities (including reduced attention), reduced cognitive performance and slow growth. In adults, severe iron deficiency anemia impairs physical work capacity.

Symptoms of iron deficiency may include fatigue, poor stamina, intestinal bleeding, excessive menstrual bleeding, nervousness, heart palpitations and shortness of breath. It may also cause your mouth corners from cracking, brittle hair, difficulty in swallowing, digestive disturbances and spoon shaped nails with ridges running lengthwise.

Dosage

The dosage is the Recommended Daily Allowance (RDA), but be aware that this dosage is the minimum that you require per day, to ward off serious deficiency of this particular nutrient. In the therapeutic use of this nutrient, the dosage is usually increased considerably, but the toxicity level must be kept in mind.

In the case of microelements, such as trace elements, the amounts are very small, yet they are still important.

The indicated dosage for males is 10 mg per day, and 18 mg per day for females.

Toxicity and symptoms of high intake

High iron content in the body has been linked to cancer and heart disease.

People of European origin, sometimes have a genetic abnormality for storing excessive iron (1:300) where ten percent of these populations carry a gene for hemochromatosis. Iron supplements are the leading cause of death in children - so keep the supplements out of the reach of children.

A fatal dose for children could be as little as 600 milligrams. Iron can be poisonous and if too much is taken over a long period could result in liver and heart damage, diabetes and skin changes.

Large iron supplementation may also contribute to the hardening of arteries, heart disease and reduce zinc absorption.

Best used with

Iron should be taken between meals with Vitamin C, while manganese, copper, molybdenum, vitamin A and the B group are also beneficial. Iron in a supplement should be nearly balanced with zinc.

When more may be required

Iron absorption is negatively affected when oxalic acid - found in spinach, Swiss chard, tea, coffee soy and some pulses. Antacid medication, coffee and tea drinkers at mealtimes, people on calorie restricted diets and women with a heavy flow during menstruation may require more iron.

Enemy of nutrient

Try to cut out tea and coffee at mealtimes. Iron supplements should not be taken together with calcium, zinc or vitamin E if in the form of ferrous sulfate.

Other interesting points

Some research being done is to test the possibility of high iron stores in the body being responsible for an increased risk to chronic diseases, such as cancer and heart disease, through oxidative mechanisms.

Iron food sources

Heme iron (present in red blood cells and muscles) found in meat, poultry and fish - and is readily absorbed; Non-heme iron - with the absorption more influenced by other dietary factors, are present in cereals, fruits, grain, beans and vegetables.

Iron is found in the following Zest for Life products

Our Zest for Life vitamin and supplement range
SPECIALTY FORMULAS
CLASSIC VITAMIN RANGE BELOW

adaptogens cope balance not stimulant not sedative

dermaxime anti-aging supplement most advanced dietary way to fight aging

anti-oxidants kills free radicals that can cause premature aging and degenerative diseases

apple cider vinegar capsules

dietary enzymes

hair skin nail boost stong nails glossy hair clear complexion

millennium 2000 weight loss capsule

oystacal calcium supplement better bone density fights osteoporosis

phytosterols phytomedicine plant sterols sterolins

resveratrol alpha lipoic acid anti-oxidant anti-aging

 

vitalyze vitamin B boost capsules

vuka 2000 male sexual supplement

CLASSIC RANGE OF VITAMINS
SPECIALTY FORMULAS ABOVE

vitamin c ascorbic acid

Nutritional information

zest for life vitamin supplements

Underneath we have information page on vitamins, minerals, amino acids, trace elements, enzymes and various nutritional compounds that can impact greatly on your general health, well-being and longevity.

Please note that these pages are for general information only and must not be used to treat or diagnose health concerns.

 
Fat soluble vitamins Trace elements
vitamin ABoron
Vitamin DChromium
Vitamin ECobalt
Vitamin KCopper
Fluorine
Water soluble vitaminsIodine
Vitamin C (Ascorbic acid)Iron
B Complex vitaminsManganese
Vitamin B1 (Thiamine, Thiamin)Molybdenum
Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin)Selenium
Vitamin B3 (Niacin, Niacinamide, Nicotinic Acid)Silicon (Silica)
Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic Acid)Zinc
Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine)
Vitamin B9 (Folacin, Folic Acid)Enzymes
Vitamin B12 (Cyanocobamin, Cobalamin)Amylase
PABA (Para-AminoBenzoic Acid)Bromelain
CholineCoenzyme Q10
InositolLactase
Vitamin H (Biotin)Lipase
Protease
Amino AcidsMaltase
Alanine
ArginineMiscellaneous nutritional ingredients
AsparagineAdaptogens
Aspartic acidAlpha Lipoic Acid
Branched-Chain Amino AcidsAntioxidants
CarnitineApple Cider Vinegar
CitrullineAstaxanthin
CysteineCreatine
CystineFatty acids
GABA (Gamma-Aminobutyric Acid)Piperine (Pepper extract)
Glutamic acidResveratrol
GlutamineVitamin B13 (Orotic acid)
GlutathioneVitamin B15 (Pangamic Acid)
GlycineVitamin B17 (Laetrile, Amygdalin)
HistidineVitamin F (Fatty Acids)
HydroxyprolineVitamin P (Bioflavonoids)
IsoleucineVitamin T
LeucineVitamin U
Lysine
MethionineHerbal ingredients
NAC (n-Acetyl Cysteine)Echinacea
OrnithineGinger
PhenylalanineGinkgo Biloba
ProlineGinseng
SerineGoldenseal
TaurineGotu Kola (Centella)
ThreonineGrape Seed Extract
TryptophanGreen Tea
TyrosineLicorice
ValineMuira Puama
Olive Leaf Extract
MineralsPhytosterols
CalciumSt John's Wort
ChlorideTribulus Terrestris
Magnesium
PhosphorusWater
PotassiumCarbohydrates
SodiumProtein
SulfurCalories
 
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